The elegant Siamese has royal roots

The elegant Siamese has royal roots

Siamees op krabpaal Catharina 120

Siamese cats are still very popular with cat lovers. And that is not surprising, because they are beautiful, sweet and cosy. Want to know more about this cat breed – about care, character and diseases? Here we tell you all about it!

In this blog:

  • The origins of the Siamese
    The character of the Siamese
    The appearance and coat of a Siamese
    The care of the Siamese
    Diseases and disorders of the Siamese
    How old does the Siamese become?
    Buying a Siamese kitten

Left: cat in a petrebels hammock. Right: two siamese cats on a petrebels scratching post.
Rebel on the Catharina 160 – Two Siamese cats the Superdome 120

The origin of the Siamese

The Siamese is one of the oldest cat breeds recognised. Because as early as the early 14th century, this cat breed was already seen in Thailand. It used to be called Siam, so hence this cat is also called a Siamese. The first cats were brought from Thailand to France and England in the late 18th century.

The appearance of the Siamese did change somewhat over time. This is due to the fact that breeders increasingly breed for extreme characteristics. That is why today’s Siamese has longer and thinner legs, very large ears and a long skull with a long nose as well. This makes this cat look special and beautiful. But this way of breeding is not good for the cats – they develop more and more diseases and disorders. But we will tell more about that later in this blog.

Adorable kitten looking at the camera, standing in a basket

Character of the Siamese

Siamese are social cats that focus on the group they live in. That’s the other cats and animals in the house, as well as their owners. They also love attention and are not afraid to ask for it. They are smart, find everything interesting and are sensitive to all kinds of stimuli. That is why Siamese do not like loud noises, for example.

Siamese love to cuddle, like to chat and love to play. They also have a lot of energy, so these cats need stimulation in the form of playing with their owner, with their peers, intelligent cat toys and a challenging scratching post. Since Siamese cats do not like to be alone, it is especially good with this breed to adopt another cat.

Fun fact: Siamese love to chat – with you, with their peers but also with themselves!

The appearance and coat of the Siamese

Siamese are long, muscular and have a triangular head. Their eyes are almond-shaped and often light blue. Their ears are large and set wide on their heads. Furthermore, this breed has a long neck, a long and slender tail and a short fine coat. A Siamese is medium-sized and can weigh 3 to 5 kilos.

The colour of a Siamese’s coat is special. This is because these cats have partial albinism, which means they have no pigments on large parts of their body. As a result, they are largely white or cream-coloured. Kittens of this breed are also born completely white. But as they grow up, the points (the muzzle, tip of the tail and paws) become darker in colour. In terms of patterns and colours, many things are possible according to the breed standard. But the most common colours are:

Foreign white

Siamees op victoria 45

The care of the Siamese

Although the coat of a Siamese does not call for it, a this cat breed can really appreciate a weekly brushing. They find it cosy. Their ears do require attention, as they are large and can easily get dirty. Other than that, this cat breed needs love and lots of attention. And a safe home, good food, fresh water, protection against parasites, vaccinations and regular visits to the vet for check-ups. Also:

toys and a nice cat basket
clean litter trays with good litter
a cat tree especially for Siamese cats

Diseases and disorders in the Siamese

Siamese are popular and there is a lot of breeding with this breed. As a result – and because of inbreeding – this breed suffers from hereditary conditions and diseases much more often. One of the most annoying conditions is amyloidosis – which is a disease that causes chronic kidney failure but can also cause intestinal, kidney and liver problems. And as we mentioned at the beginning, Siamese are bred for increasingly extreme external features that make their skulls too long, as well as their legs. And that development causes problems with joints, birth and teeth.

These diseases are most common in Siamese:

  • Hip dysplasia (HD) – which is a developmental disorder of the hips
    Dystocia – which causes difficult births of kittens
    Mast cell tumour – this form of cancer develops in specific immune cells
    Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) – this condition causes steady deterioration of the eyes and eventually blindness
    Amyloidosis – this disease causes deposition of protein in organs, such as the kidneys, for example
    Cataract – which is an eye disease (cataracts)
    Malignant Lymphoma – this is a form of lymph node cancer
    Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) – due to this disease, Siamese cats develop cysts in their kidneys
    Tooth resorption – FORL, Tooth Resorption – teeth dissolve
    Corneasequester – this is also a condition of the eyes
    Patella luxation – this condition causes loose kneecaps
    Urolithiasis (bladder stones) (FLUTD) – causes stones in the bladder and urinary tract problems
    Asthma – which causes shortness of breath and breathing problems
    Diabetes mellitus – this is a form of diabetes

How old does a Siamese get?

Because Siamese often suffer from various disorders, you can expect a life expectancy of 8 to 12 years at most. But of course, there are always exceptions.

Some fun facts about Siamese!

  • These celebrities have a Siamese cat: John Lennon, Andy Warhol, James Dean, Marilyn Monroe, Ricky Gervais and Taylor Swift.
    Siamese used to have squinty eyes and crooked tails. Now, thankfully, they don’t.
    In 1970, an English Siamese gave birth to as many as 19 kittens, which is a world record.

Buying a Siamese (kitten)

Do you want a pedigree cat and think a Siamese would suit you well? Then you can start looking for a kitten. But do so from a recognised breeder affiliated with a breed association. And always pay attention to the following things:

  • The papers must be in order
    The kittens must be well socialised
    And of course dewormed and treated against fleas
    The mother cat must always be present

Do you have doubts about the health of a litter? Then report it to the Animal Shelter and don’t buy the kitten. And did you know that there are also many nice cats waiting for a new owner in the shelter? You can always have a look there too. And never buy a cat or kitten from Marktplaats, Ebay or a breeder!

Disclaimer: Petrebels does not consist of veterinarians or behavioral experts: all content, information and tips on this blog are intended to inspire and inform you. Does your cat have complaints or problems and do you have doubts about your cat’s health? Then always go to the vet or a behavioral expert.

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Katten slapen gemiddeld 16 uur per dag en doen dat vol overgave: er wordt gerekt, gestrekt en schaamteloos gegaapt. Heerlijk. De Luie Rebel is er wel héél goed in. Die laat rennen en spelen liever aan een ander over en ploft met gemak overal neer voor een overheerlijk dutje. Maar het liefst ligt deze Rebel in een lekker zacht mandje of hangmatje.

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Katten hebben van nature de behoefte om hun nagels te scherpen. Ze markeren daarmee hun territorium en worden er ontspannen en blij van. De Krabbel Rebel weet van geen ophouden als het om krabbelen gaat. Maak van je huis daarom een feestje voor deze Rebel en zet één (of meer) goede krabpalen neer.

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Buitenkatten houden van hun vrijheid en van avontuur. Ze verstoppen zich vaak in struiken en houden de hele buurt in de gaten. Ze kunnen zich uren vermaken met rondvliegende insecten en nemen – als het even meezit – een echte muis voor je mee naar huis. De Outdoor Rebel komt thuis om gezellig met de baasjes te kroelen en rustig te eten. En stelt het op prijs als er een fijn plekje is om uit te rusten voor het volgende avontuur.

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Sommige katten blijven liever binnen. Of het baasje wil dit graag. Indoor Rebels vinden het heerlijk om naar buiten te kijken – naar al het spannends wat zich daar afspeelt. Je maakt deze katten blij door het binnen net zo spannend te maken als buiten. Prikkel hun instincten met speeltjes en krabmeubels waar ze lekker in kunnen klimmen, want dan blijven ze gelukkig en gezond.

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Cats sleep up to 16 hours a day with full commitment: lots of stretching and shameless yawning… Mhmm, delicious. The lazy Rebel masters this trait like no other and prefers to leave the running and playing to someone else. This lazy napper is able to lie down anywhere to take a well-deserved rest, but they prefer a nice and soft hammock or basket.

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Cats naturally have the need to sharpen their nails. This way they mark their territory. It also makes them relaxed and happy. The scratching Rebel will never stop when it comes to this. Transform your house into a “scratching paradise” for this Rebel and supply it with one or several good cat trees.

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Outdoor cats love adventure and freedom. They often hide in bushes to keep an eye on their surroundings. They can entertain themselves for hours with bugs flying around and they might even take home a real mouse for you! The outdoor Rebel will come home to cuddle with its owner and to eat peacefully. This adventurer would appreciate it if there is a nice spot in your house to rest before the next adventure.

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Some cats prefer to stay inside, this can also be a decision made by the owner. Indoor Rebels enjoy watching the outside world – and everything exciting that happens there. You can make these cats happy by making the indoor world just as exciting as the outdoor world. Stimulate their senses with toys and cat furniture in which they can climb. This way they remain healthy and happy.

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Katzen schlafen durchschnittlich 16 Stunden pro Tag und tun dies voller Hingabe. Sie strecken sich, dehnen sich und gähnen unverhohlen. Herrlich! Der faule Rebell ist sehr gut darin. Er überlässt das Toben und Spielen am liebsten jemand anderem und macht stattdessen lieber ein kleines Nickerchen. Am liebsten bevorzugt dieser Schläfer ein weiches Sofa oder ein gepolsterte Liegefläche.

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Katzen haben von Natur aus das Bedürfnis, ihre Nägel zu schärfen. Damit markieren sie zum einen ihr Territorium und verhindern zum anderen, dass die Nägel zu lang werden und einwachsen. Kratzen, wetzen und schärfen macht sie entspannt und glücklich. Der Kratz-Rebell kennt dann auch kein Halten mehr, wenn es ums Wetzen und Kratzen geht. Mach dein Zuhause also zu einer Partyzone für diesen Rebellen und stelle einen (oder mehrere) gute Kratzbäume mit viel Wetzmöglichkeiten auf.

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Freigängerkatzen lieben die Freiheit und das Abenteuer. Oft verstecken sie sich im Gebüsch und behalten die ganze Nachbarschaft im Auge. Sie können sich stundenlang mit fliegenden Insekten vergnügen, streunen herum und bringen im schlimmsten Fall eine Maus als Geschenk mit nach Hause. Der Outdoor-Rebell kommt nur nach Hause, um mit den Besitzern eventuell zu kuscheln und sich sein Fressen servieren zu lassen. Und er schätzt es über alle Maßen, wenn er einen schönen, gemütlichen Platz am liebsten auf einem Kratzbaum zum Ausruhen für das nächste Abenteuer angeboten bekommt.

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Einige Katzen sind reine Indoor-Rebellen. Entweder, weil sie es vorziehen in einem warmen und gefahrlosen Zuhause zu leben oder weil der Besitzer dies so möchte. Indoor-Rebellen lieben es nach draußen zu schauen – und das aufregende Leben draußen aus sicherer Entfernung zu beobachten. Diese Katzen sind glücklich, wenn man drinnen die gleichen Abenteuer simuliert, die sie draußen beobachten können. Stimuliere deren Instinkte mit Spielzeug und Kratzmöbeln, in denen sie herumklettern und toben können, damit sie gesund, agil und glücklich bleiben.

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