European Shorthair (or domestic cat)Dennis Steenbakkers
Most people have a “normal” housecat in their home: the beloved home-garden-and-kitchen cat who is often incorrectly referred to as a European Shorthair. In this blog we tell you everything about domestic cats – about their characteristics, character and care. These cats come in all shapes, sizes and colors, but these fluff balls have one thing in common: They are great! Are you reading?
Domestic cat or European Shorthair?
The domestic cat is often called European Shorthair. But this is wrong. The European Shorthair is actually a recognised cat breed from Sweden. Such a cat is bred and always has a pedigree. This is not the case with the domestic cat. It is often born in a tame litter and has no pedigree. It is actually a pedigree-less mongrel.
Characteristics of a housecat
It is often not known who the parents are of domestic cats and therefore there are no specific characteristics for these cats. They have many different types – they can be large or small, muscular or slim and short-haired or (partly) long-haired. Everything is possible with a house cat!
Colors and coat length housecat
And in terms of color, everything is possible – completely black, white, red or gray, tabby, spotted or the famous tortoise or calico cat. The house cat’s coat is generally short. If one of the cat’s parents is long-haired, this can be passed on to the kittens. Then, for example, a kitten suddenly has beautiful plumes on its ears.
Character and personality
Unfortunately, little research has been done on the character of cats. It is known that the genes of the father are the most dominant, so they are often passed on to the kittens. Because domestic cats are not bred, their character is therefore always a surprise: they can be calm, active, nice and lazy, confident or insecure. It is therefore important to pick the right cat tree for the European Shorthair for them where he can have a nice rest or play in.
Caring for the domestic cat
A cat is a clean and smart creature. So, generally speaking, you have little to worry about when it comes to looking after a domestic cat. However, a few things are very important to do.
Even short-haired cats shed, so it is a good idea to brush your cat once a month. It will make the coat shine and prevent hairballs.
When a cat goes outdoors, its nails usually wear down by themselves. The nails of indoor cats get long and sharp faster. So always put a good scratching post in the house, because your cat can use it to maintain its nails. You will still need to cut its nails once in a while. Find that difficult? Then go to the vet.
Even cats sometimes need to go to the dentist. So check your cat’s teeth regularly. Are the gums red, is there tartar on the teeth (yellow or brown lumps) or has a tooth broken off? Then you should go to the vet, as they can see if anything needs to be done about it.
Furthermore, it is important to have your cat spayed, as it is better for your cat’s health. Last but not least, it prevents unwanted reproduction. Regular worming and protection against fleas and ticks is also necessary. Just like chipping and registering – because if a cat gets lost, a chip ensures that the owner is found quickly.
Diseases and disorders
In general, the domestic cat is a strong cat, but it can also get sick. Always consider this carefully when taking in a cat: after all, care, medication and visits to the vet cost money.
Diseases such as feline distemper, rabies and sneezing sickness occur in cats. But fortunately, you can vaccinate your cat against these diseases. Another contagious disease is FIV (feline AIDS), which is spread by bite and fight wounds. Unfortunately, you cannot get your cat vaccinated against it, but there are drugs that stabilise the disease.
As in humans, hereditary diseases also occur in cats. These include epilepsy, cancer, heart problems, thyroid disorders, kidney failure, diabetes and bladder stones. Fortunately, veterinary medicine is also advanced these days, so in many cases these conditions can be remedied or controlled by medication, surgery or adapted nutrition.
Even though domestic cats do not have a pedigree and are not specially bred, they make super cute pets. They are sweet, stubborn, nice and soft and above all very sociable. We love them!
Disclaimer: Petrebels does not consist of veterinarians or behavioral experts: all content, information and tips on this blog are intended to inspire and inform you. Does your cat have complaints or problems and do you have doubts about your cat’s health? Then always go to the vet or a behavioral expert.