The House cat

Deel dit

Everything you need to know about ‘normal’ cats

Most people have a “normal” cat in their home: the beloved home-garden-and-kitchen cat who is often incorrectly referred to as a European Shorthair. In this blog we tell you everything about domestic cats – about their characteristics, character and care. These cats come in all shapes, sizes and colors, but these fluff balls have one thing in common: They are great! Are you reading?

House cat or European Shorthair?

The house cat is often referred to as a European Shorthair, but that’s not true. The European Shorthair [1] is in fact a recognized cat breed from Sweden. Such a cat is bred and always has a pedigree. Not the house cat. He is often born in a fun nest and has no pedigree. It is actually a pedigree hybrid.

Characteristics of a house cat

It is often not known who the parents are of domestic cats and therefore there are no specific characteristics for these cats. They have many different types – they can be large or small, muscular or slim and short-haired or (partly) long-haired. Everything is possible with a house cat!

Colors and coat length

And in terms of color, everything is possible – completely black, white, red or gray, tabby, spotted or the famous tortoise or calico cat. The house cat’s coat is generally short. If one of the cat’s parents is long-haired, this can be passed on to the kittens. Then, for example, a kitten suddenly has beautiful plumes on its ears. 

Character and personality

Unfortunately, little research has been done on the character of cats. It is known that the genes of the father are the most dominant, so they are often passed on to the kittens. Because domestic cats are not bred, their character is therefore always a surprise: they can be calm, active, nice and lazy, confident or insecure.

Care of the house cat

A cat is a clean and smart creature. In general, you do not have to worry about the care of a house cat. But a few things are very important to do.

The coat

Of course, short-haired cats also lose hair. This is why it is good to brush your cat at least once a month. This gives the coat a nice shine and reduces hairball formation. In the case of severe hair loss (e.g. in the coat change season), brushing can be done more often. Most cats love these pampering sessions.


When a cat comes outside, the nails usually wear out by themselves. Indoor cats’ nails grow long and sharp more quickly. Always put a good scratching post [2] in the house, because your cat can maintain its nails with it. You also have to cut the nails every now and then. Do you find that difficult? Then go to the vet.


Cats also sometimes have to go to the dentist. So check your cat’s teeth regularly. Are the gums red, is there tartar on the teeth (yellow or brown lumps) or has a tooth broken off? Then you have to go to the vet,  (s)he can see if something needs to be done about it.

Overal health

It is also important to have your cat sterilized, because that is better for your cat’s health. And not unimportantly: it prevents unwanted reproduction. Regular worming and protection against fleas and ticks is also necessary. Just like chipping and registering – if a cat gets lost, a chip ensures that the owner is quickly found.

Diseases and conditions

As a rule, the house cat is a strong, resilient cat, but it can also get sick. Please inform yourself beforehand what it means to take in a cat: you have to reckon with effort, care, medication and visits to the vet. A cat costs money. It gives you a lot in return, but you should still think carefully before buying so you can make a conscious decision.

Prevention and Serious Diseases

Basically, a balanced diet, sufficient exercise / activity and normal weight usually mean a long and healthy cat life. But unfortunately cats, like us humans, can also get sick. The most common is cat flu. However, the symptoms can usually be treated well. Also to be named are rabies and cat disease, which can be fatal. Vaccination is possible and recommended here. Just ask your vet here. FIV is the causative agent of feline AIDS. Transmission often takes place through sexual intercourse or through bloody rival duels. Since the disease is considered untreatable, veterinarians recommend neutering as a preventive measure. Leukosis is a type of leukemia in cats. Infection occurs via the feline leukemia virus (FeLV). The virus is transmitted via saliva or nasal secretions. It all sounds dramatic, but it is actually not. As already described above, good nutrition, preventive care measures against parasite infestation and careful observation of the eyes, ears and teeth help to keep the cat healthy. Diet and exercise also play a decisive role, as already described above.


Just like in humans, hereditary disorders also occur in cats. Think of epilepsy, cancer, heart problems, thyroid abnormalities, kidney failure, diabetes and bladder stones. Fortunately, veterinary medicine is also advanced nowadays, so in many cases these conditions can be remedied or controlled by medication, surgery or diet.

Even though domestic cats do not have a pedigree and are not specially bred, they are super cute pets. They are sweet, stubborn, nice and soft and above all very cozy. We love them!


Petrebels is not a veterinarian or behaviorist: all content, information and tips on this blog are meant to inspire you and are informative in nature. Does your cat have complaints or problems and are you unsure about your cat’s health? Then always go to the vet or a behaviorist.

Andere blogs

Payment providers Pet Rebels

© Copyright Petrebels 2022